Last Updated on 20/03/2021
From pioneering social enterprises to rewilding initiatives, this round-up features the worlds top 31 sustainable tourism destinations for solo nature lovers.
The world is full of bucket-list-worthy natural sights, but each one is as fragile as it is beautiful. As a nature lover, I’m often torn between wanting to see as many of them as possible and wondering about the damage I could unwittingly be inflicting. Travel is both a blessing and a curse. It fuels local economies and opens our minds, but it can also destroy ecosystems and exploit vulnerable communities. To be sustainable, travel needs to have a balance between enjoyment and responsibility.
Destinations across the world have started to recognise the benefits of sustainable tourism for creating a positive impact on the environment, local communities and economies. These 31 green destinations use tourism to put nature and communities first. They prove that you can take enjoyment from the natural world whilst protecting it too. Even better? They’re entirely accessible for solo travellers!
Take a look at these utterly inspirational travel destinations:
1. New Zealand
Photo credit: Ketan Kumawat
New Zealand is without a doubt one of the best sustainable tourism destinations in the world. Ecotourism is the fastest growing sector in the country’s tourism industry and nature lovers are spoilt for choice for things to do. There are over 10,000 protected areas, including reserves and 13 national parks. Visitors can enjoy plenty of educational activities, work on farms, take tours and learn about Maori culture. New Zealand is also a great destination for solo travellers. Find out why here.
2. Costa Rica
Photo credit: Atanas Malamov
Costa Rica is home to 6% of the world’s biodiversity so it comes as no surprise that the country is a world leader in conservation. A prime location for ecotourists, more than 11% of Costa Rica is protected in national parks and reserves. Stunning ecolodges are also common throughout the country. Thrilling highlights include spotting the local wildlife, hiking, volcano hopping, chocolate tours and ziplining through the rainforests.
3. Republic of Palau
Photo credit: Kurt Cotoaga
It may be a little off the beaten path, but make no mistake, Palau is making waves on the sustainable travel scene. A new initiative launched by the Palau Bureau of Tourism aims to mitigate the tourism sector’s carbon footprint and turn the country into the world’s first carbon-neutral destination. This small island nation also has one of the world’s largest marine sanctuaries and tour operators and tourists are banned from using single-use plastic, non-reef-safe sunscreen and styrofoam. Perhaps most significant of all, every visitor must sign the Palau Pledge on arrival to protect the country’s ecosystem. You can learn more about that here.
Photo credit: Ameya Sawant
This small Buddhist kingdom located in the Himalayas has built its tourism industry with sustainability in mind. All visitors must use a guide and pay US$65 per person for the number of days they’re planning to stay and the money is used for social development to sustain the country. The preservation of environment and culture is a key part of Bhutan’s ethos and it’s understandable when 72% of its territory is covered in forests. Bhutan is also the world’s only carbon-negative country, producing fewer carbon emissions than its forests absorb. Goals!
5. The Maldives
Photo credit: Dorsa Masghati
The Maldives is a top luxury holiday destination, however, this archipelago of islands and atolls has stepped up its game to ensure that its fragile ecosystem is protected. To eliminate the scourge of plastic waste, some resorts have set up their own recycling plants and glass water bottling plants. Fishing is strictly regulated to manage the marine life and visitors must pay a US$6 Green Tax per person per day. If you love the ocean then the Maldives is the place to be. Highlights including sailing trips and diving alongside turtles and whale sharks. You can also absolutely visit the Maldives as a solo traveller. It’s not just for honeymooners!
Photo credit: John O’Nolan
It’s no secret that Norway is one of the world’s top sustainable travel destinations. Going green for the planet is heavily imbued in Norwegian culture, not just its tourism sector. The country has one of the most efficient recycling systems in the world and you’re rewarded for returning bottles and aluminium cans after use. In Norway, travel is about clean, green and authentic experiences. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking train journeys, zero-emission electric ferries in the fjords and soon stay at Svart, the world’s most eco-friendly hotel (opening in 2022)!
Finland has been named the happiest country in the world for three years running which is perhaps attributed to its deep respect and reverence for nature. Recently, Visit Finland launched a new Sustainable Travel Finland programme to help travel companies and regions across the country make greener and more ethical choices in their businesses. This initiative was set up to preserve some of the country’s most precious nature and wildlife. Slow travel is very much celebrated here and visitors are encouraged to make use of the public transport system or cycle wherever possible.
Photo credit: Serey Morm
Awe-inspiring scenery makes Iceland a top destination for visitors. Despite its popularity, sustainable tourism is paramount to the preservation of its natural resources. In terms of clean energy, Iceland finds this easier than most. An enormous 75% of its total energy consumption comes from hydroelectric and geothermal plants. The Blue Lagoon, one of Iceland’s most famous attractions is an example of its sustainability at its best. Steps have been taken to protect this natural wonder, including geothermal energy for electricity and heating, pathways to protect the volcanic landscape and architecture that harmonise with the surrounding environment.
Photo credit: David Clode
Sustainable tourism is about finding a balance between communities, conservation and travellers, and Kenya is an expert at pulling this off. A top eco-friendly destination in Africa, Kenya is home to 55 national parks which aim to allow the country’s formidable wildlife to roam free and protected. Visitors can spot the ‘Big Five’ (buffalo, elephant, rhino, lion and leopard) and get involved with the local communities. Kenya also has one of the world’s toughest bans on single-use plastic bags with heavy fines and even a four-year prison sentence for using them!
10. The Yasawa Islands, Fiji
The Yasawas is an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Western Division of Fiji. Sustainable tourism has been in place here for over 30 years, ever since the first resorts were built. The locals weren’t keen on having large corporate-run resorts so they decided to keep things small. Most resorts are owned by local villagers and they have a fairly low carbon footprint. It’s common to only have electricity at night and water heated by the sun. Pristine beaches and coral reefs teeming with life make the Yasawas a haven for nature lovers. Fiji is also a fantastic solo travel destination (check out my island-hopping itinerary!).
Photo credit: Robert Keane
Borneo is an ecotourism paradise for nature enthusiasts. The world’s third-largest island is shared by Malasia, Indonesia and Brunei and it’s one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. It’s home to ancient rainforests that have been around since the dinosaurs and you can spot countless species of flora and fauna, including orangutans. Much of these rainforests have come under threat from palm oil plantations, but the Danum Valley in Sabah on the Malaysian side is a protected conservation area.
12. The Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Photo credit: Magdalena Kula Manchee
It doesn’t get much better than the Galápagos Islands for spotting weird and wonderful wildlife. This UNESCO World Heritage Site has been called ‘a living laboratory of evolution’ and some of the species of flora and fauna have not been found anywhere else in the world – including the giant tortoise! Visitors are required to have a guide with them at all times to protect this special place. Highlights include visiting the Charles Darwin Research Centre, diving and hiking.
Photo credit: Jelle de Gier
Hawaii has the highest number of endangered and threatened plant and animal species on the planet and sustainable initiatives play a huge role in protecting them. Care for the environment referred to as ‘malama aina’, is an important and traditional part of Hawaiian values. There is a wealth of nature-based and sustainable activities across Hawaii’s eight major islands. Just some things you could be doing include hiking, whale watching and agricultural tours.
Photo credit: Rowan Heuvel
Panama is a relatively new sustainable destination on the block, but its burgeoning tourism industry coupled with its stunning natural environment has caused it to get serious about its green initiatives. The country has 49 national parks so activities here are heavily nature-focused. For things to do, observe nesting turtles at Bocas del Toro, spot humpback whales at Isla Iguana and visit the Coiba National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and subject of international studies for biodiversity. Solo traveller but keen to visit? G Adventures does a tour!
Photo credit: Sergey Pesterev
Morocco is ranked as one of the most sustainable countries in the world as measured by the Climate Change Performance Index. Plastic bags were banned in 2016 and the country aims to have 52% of its energy come from renewable sources by 2030. Top sustainable highlights of your trip include visiting the local social enterprise shops, buying upcycled souvenirs and heading out on hikes in the Atlas Mountains (an eco-friendly insect repellent is recommended).
Photo credit: Mike van Schoonderwalt
Ecotourism in Jordan is a growing industry thanks to the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature which oversees 10 protected reserves across the country. Tourism is cleverly used as a way to carry out conservation efforts. Business owners and hoteliers promote tourism throughout the country whilst conserving Jordan’s natural landscape. This scheme has been instrumental in providing jobs and economic stability in some of Jordan’s poorest communities. One such example is Feynan Ecolodge on the edge of the mountainous Dana Biosphere Reserve. You can read about more it here.
A few years ago, this small South American country was awarded ‘Best in Sustainable Tourism’ by the Latin American Travel Association. Groups like the Guyana Tourism Authority have been largely responsible for this success due to their commitment to promoting community life and conservation. Here, tourism provides jobs whilst preserving local traditions and promoting low-carbon lifestyles. Guyana is also a top destination for biodiversity. Activities include visiting the stunning Orinduik Falls, walking along the rainforest canopy in Iwokrama and hiking in the Kanuku Mountains.
18. Chumbe Island, Tanzania
Photo credit: Chema Photo
Chumbe Island, located just off the coast of Zanzibar, is home to the world’s first marine protected area. It was set up in 1991 when the formerly uninhabited island was discovered to be one of the last coral islands in the region. As a result, this protected area has some of the most exceptional and diverse coral reefs in the world. Visitors can stay at the award-winning ecolodge, enjoy candlelit dinners on the beach, explore the reserve and snorkel along the coral reef. Since Chumbe is a private island, it’s ideal for solo nature lovers!
ITB Berlin, one of the world’s leading travel trade shows, recently crowned Portugal as the ‘Best European Destination for Sustainable Tourism’. Much of the coastline had previously suffered from overdevelopment, but now, effort has been made to introduce protected areas across the country to preserve its natural environment. Its major national park is Peneda-Gerês close to the Spanish border. You can also head to the mountainous Montesinho, near Bragança and Alentejo, near Cabo de São Vicente on the coast.
20. Gozo, Malta
Photo credit: Francois Kaiser
Tucked between Sicily and the North African coast, Malta is a stunning Mediterranean archipelago and one of the top sustainable travel destinations in Europe. Many hotels across Malta have been awarded the Eco Certification for their commitment to socioeconomic, environmental and cultural sustainability. The island of Gozo has won awards for its dedication to protecting local culture and tradition. Visitors can enjoy the beaches at Ramla Bay and San Blas Bay, explore the UNESCO Neolithic Ġgantija Temple ruins and tuck into the local cuisine which, by the way, is 100% organic!
Photo credit: Sebastian Pena Lambarri
Nepal is a bucket list destination for adventure travellers. The draw of the Himalayas is irresistible for those eager to climb the highest mountains in the world. In fact, overtourism was starting to become a serious problem. The trail up Mount Everest alone was heavily polluted. Now steps have been taken to mitigate mass tourism and create a more sustainable future for Nepal. The Pacific Asian Tourist Asociation is working with the country to divert areas to less-visited areas whilst ensuring that the proper infrastructure to handle it is in place. Specific community-based tours you can join include Seven Women, Social Tours and Welcome To My Yard.
Photo credit: Hayden Walker
Spain has been one of Europe’s most popular ecotourism destinations since the 1990s. The country is home to one of Europe’s largest national parks, Los Picos de Europa, which includes the dramatic, rugged mountain peaks of the same name. Visitors to Spain can join eco-tours or go camping as part of their sustainable travel experience. If you would prefer a city break, Madrid has the greenest space of any European city and Barcelona also has a strong focus on renewable energy and sustainable transport.
23. The Netherlands
Photo credit: Pauline Loroy
The Dutch take sustainability seriously which is understandable when almost a third of the country is below sea level. As much as 60% of all household waste is sorted and recycled, and visitors are expected to take the same care when throwing rubbish away. Bicycles are a hugely popular way of getting around and there’s plenty of places where you can rent them. If you’re a foodie then you’ll be pleased to discover that the country has a fantastic range of eco-conscious and community-oriented food options such as Instock and Dignita.
Photo credit: Paul Longhurst
Seeing the mountain gorillas in Rwanda is a top bucket list wildlife activity for nature lovers, but if your trip falls on the last Saturday of the month then you might want to pack a litter picker. Known as ‘Umuganda,’ this event is a community day of national housekeeping which requires everyone to go out into their neighbourhood and pick up rubbish. The result? This African country is one of the cleanest nations on earth! Rwanda is also big on conservation, allowing endangered animals such as rhino, elephants and lions to thrive.
Photo credit: Jon Flobrant
Sweden is home to the climate activist Greta Thunberg so it’s unsurprising that the country is a world leader in sustainability. Renewable energy is popular here. In fact, 54% of its energy come from renewable sources and the country plans to reach 100% by 2040. Sweden was the first country in the world to impose a carbon tax for carbon-intensive fuels like natural gas and oil. A great perk when visiting Sweden is that 63% of the country is forested and citizens are allowed by law to roam across the land whether it’s publicly or privately owned.
Photo credit: Dimitry Anikin
Slovenia’s breathtaking natural beauty has made it a hotspot for outdoor lovers. In 2017, it was named by National Geographic as the most sustainable country on Earth and its capital, Ljubljana is a model of sustainable urban development. Its inner city is traffic-free and it’s the largest car-free zone in the European Union. To get the full eco-friendly experience, you can go hiking, camping and kayaking. If you’re planning a trip for the end of May, make sure you check out the annual Bohinj Wild Flower Festival which usually lasts until the beginning of June.
Photo credit: Marcela Laskoski
Since 2016, wind, water and agricultural waste have generated up to 94.5% of Uruguay’s electricity with plans to go 100% renewable by 2021. Uruguay may be the second smallest country in South America, but it ranks first in peace, democracy, lack of corruption, prosperity, security and almost total absence of extreme poverty (an ideal destination for solo travellers!). Make sure you add the curious coastal hamlet of Cabo Polonio to your itinerary. It has no roads, no electricity and the locals often eat communal dinners by candlelight.
28. Lake Tahoe, USA
Photo credit: Phillipe Gauthier
Lake Tahoe Visitors Authority have recently launched a sustainable tourism initiative with Kind Traveler, a socially conscious hotel booking platform to help preserve Lake Tahoe and its surroundings. Donations from this initiative go to Take Care Tahoe, a group of more than 30 local organisations that are working make it easier for visitors to learn about the area. Events you can get involved with here include beach cleanups, wildflower hikes and eco-friendly festivals.
Photo credit: Bjorn Snelders
Scotland is known for its dramatic unspoilt landscapes so it’s unsurprising that it’s a top green destination. It was one of the first countries in the world to sign up to adopt the Global Goals in 2015. This vision, which has now been signed by more than 190 countries aims to end poverty, inequality, hunger and protect the environment. Scotland is also an ideal hiking destination (although I wouldn’t recommend hiking alone unless you’re experienced). If you’re keen to give back, you can take part in the Trees For Life campaign which aims to plant as many trees as possible across the Highlands.
Photo credit: Elina Sazonova
Singapore is a very small nation but that doesn’t stop it from taking sustainability seriously. In fact, it’s one of the most sustainable tourism destinations in the world. Its highly sophisticated water system involves recycling wastewater into top-quality drinking water. More impressive still is the nation’s Green Mark certification which encourages the use of solar panels, cooling units and rainwater harvesting to reduce carbon emissions. You’ll also notice that trees, shrubs and flowering plants have been incorporated into its urban design at every turn.
Photo credit: Pascal Debrunner
When it comes to the environment, the Swiss don’t like to mess about. The country is home to the oldest and wildest national park in Europe and volunteer ‘mountain cleaners’ patrol the countryside picking up rubbish that’s been left behind. Speaking of rubbish, one of its policies is the ‘polluter pays scheme’ where residents must buy special bin bags to put their waste in. For a truly eco-friendly experience, try a stay on an authentic Swiss farm. Prices are cheaper than hotels and you get a real chance to immerse yourself in nature. One way you can do this is through WWOOF (more on that here).
- What Does Sustainable Travel Mean and Why Does it Matter?
- What Is Ecotourism and Why Is It Important?
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